Krishnaraja Sagara, Mandya
The Brindavan Gardens, a celebrated beauty spot in this part of India is world famous for its symmetric design. It is one of the most beautifully laid out terrace gardens in the world. The creation of this garden in the Krishnaraja Sagar Dam site has been the achievement of Sir Mirza Ismail, the then Dewan of the princely State of Mysore. The beautification of the whole dam complex was conceived by Sir Mirza Ismail. Modeled on the design of the Shalimar Gardens of Kashmir in the Mughal style, the garden is enriched with a number of terraces, parterres, fountains, running and cascading waterchannels, water chutes, lush green lawns, flower beds, shrubs and trees. Today, the Brindavan Gardens is world famous for its ethereal beauty, grandeur and illumination/ musical fountain.
Located in the Krishnaraja Sagar dam site in Srirangapatna taluk of Mandya district, the Brindavan Gardens is at a distance of 24 Km. from the famous cultural heritage centre of Karnataka – the city of Mysore, and 143 Km. from Bangalore, the capital city of Karnataka. The Krishnaraja Sagar dam is built across the river Cauvery, one of the principal rivers in South India. The Cauvery rises in the hills of Brahmagiri – in Talacauvery, Kodagu District in the Western Ghats and traverses Eastwards in Karnataka for about 320 Km. before entering Tamil Nadu and finally joining the Bay of Bengal. The dam is named after Krishnaraja Wodeyar IV during whose rule the Chief Engineer, Sir M. Vishveswaraya engineered the construction of the dam. The River Cauvery below the giant dam divides the garden into two parts.
The Brindavan Gardens, primarily a terrace garden is laid out immediately behind the Krishnaraja Sagar dam site. The Department of Horticulture in 1927 started the work of laying out this garden, then called the Krishnarajendra Terrace Garden. Today, the garden extends over an area of 60 acres and it is laid out in the three terraces, which ends in a horseshoe shape. The slopes are planted with colourful Bougainvilleas and ornamental plants. This garden is a public park and it is one of the important tourist spots of India. The garden is enriched with innumerable fountains decorated with coloured lighting. The illuminated running waters and fountains with changing colours of lights is an event that the tourists can look forward to in the evenings. The garden has many open spaces, lawns, illuminated flower beds and ornamental plants. It also has well laid out roads and pathways. The Brindavan Gardens is the best-illuminated terrace garden in India. The boating pond in the midst of the garden is a location where the visitors can enjoy a boat ride. The whole garden when illuminated is an enchanting site to see.
The Musical and dancing fountain, is the main attraction of the visitors. The water, coloured light and music are harmonized in the fountain to create a water ballet controlled by an aquatic organ operated through a controller. Water is pumped to the fountain and the operation is computerised. All the other fountains run due to the water pressure from the dam. A laser vision has also been developed for visitors’ attraction The illumination timing is the same as that for the garden. The musical and dancing fountain is located in the North Brindavan Garden. A gallery and rain shelter are provided for the viewers.
The Brindavan Gardens is under the aegis of the Department of Horticulture, Government of Karnataka. The Senior Assistant Director of Horticulture, K.R.S. is responsible for the maintenance of the garden. The garden is divided into four areas.
Brindavan garden 60 acres
Government fruit orchard 75 acres
Naguvana 30 acres
Chandravana 5 acres
The garden is divided into -
The main gate area
The main gate is designed on the model of the India Gate, New Delhi. Rose gardens on either side of the gate are worth seeing. Attractive lawns, annual flowerbeds, perennial flowering plants, ornamental hedges are maintained.
South Brindavan is the area near the Cauvery Statue. The area in front of the statue is the Kaveramma circle which has big sized water fountains. Distinct styles of terrace gardens can be seen here. Bougainvillea and allamanda plants are grown on the slopes of the terraces. A lawn is maintained in the terrace garden with annual and perennial flower beds and ornamental hedges in the periphery. Cypress plants are found in the centre. Dwarf statutes are found aplenty in the terraces and many fountains are also located. The fountain always sprinkles water and this is maintained by the water pressure when the dam in its full capacity. The garden is made more attractive with different coloured lights for illumination. This garden is most spectacular in the evenings when the area is illuminated with the fountains on. A glass house in the South Brindavan is used for propagating and maintaining different types of ornamental plants that are required for beautifying the Brindavan Gardens so also for sale at scheduled rates.
North Brindavan: consists of an area encompassing four extensive terraces. In each of the four terraces, extensive lawns, many ornamental annual and perennial flowerbeds and rows of ornamental trees are found. The terrace gardens are beautified with small fountains decorated with different coloured lights. Tree avenues of Sago Palm, copper pod, polyalthea are found in the road that runs parallel to the main dam road. Arches of Bougainvilleas and Bignonia venusta are found over the pathways on either side of the garden. Shrubs of Bougainvillea, Allamanda, Bignonia magnifica, Homskloidia sanguina are found on the slopes of the terraces. Many ornamental trees are also found in the North Brindavan gardens. An ornamental plant nursery is maintained for multiplication and maintenance of plants for sales.
A glass house with collection of cacti and succulents is maintained to cater to the needs of planting material for the garden and for sales. In between the North and South Brindavan is the river Cauvery. Visitors can enjoy a boat ride in the river. Boating facilities are also provided for tourists. These facilities are maintained by the Karnataka State Tourism Development Corporation.
the South Brindavan towards the right is the Childrens’ Park. In the park are
found slide, and concrete animals, birds and aquatic species and
items/structures for children to play.
Government Fruit Orchard
A fruit orchard has been established in an area of 75 acres near the North bank of the Krishnaraja Sagar Dam. Established based on modern technology, the fruit orchard is a model farm; a place for teaching about fruit culture to the visitors and those interested in horticulture. This farm was developed with the aim of producing quality-planting materials of fruits and high yielding hybrid coconut seedlings. The fruits and plantation crops grown in this garden are Mango, Guava, Sapota, Litchi, Roseapple, Bilimbi, Aonla, Avacado, Malayan apple, Arecanut, Coconut etc.
The TxD (Tall x Dwarf Centrally sponsored scheme / Coconut hybrid development scheme has been in operation from the year 1968-69. Every year a large number of TxD hybrids are developed in this farm for distribution to the farmers. Perhaps, this is the most important hybrid coconut seedling production centre in the State.
Naguvana Horticulture Farm
Established in an area of 30 acres during 1972–73, this farm is an island near the main gate behind the dam. Various types of fruits plants and coconut trees are grown here. The Horticulture Training Centre of the Department of Horticulture is located in this farm. Every year a 10-month Horticulture training programme is organised for the rural youth of Mandya district.
Chandravana Horticulture Farm
This farm is developed in an area of 5 acres in the centre of the river Kaveri. Coconut and mango are grown in this farm. This farm looks like a beautiful island surrounded by water from July to January.
Cacti and Succulent Garden
A model cacti and succulents gardens is maintained near the office of the Senior Asistant Director of Horticulture. Many species of cacti and succulents are grown and this garden is worth seeing.
Places of Interest
South Brindavan Gardens
Cross Channel fountain
Inverted Basket fountain
Fountain in front of the Kaveramma statue
Goddess Cauvery Statue.
The Gardens are
regularly illuminated on Wednesday, Saturday and Sunday at 7 P.M. The Childrens’
Park , Horticultural farm and Nursery, Fisheries Pond and the Hydraulic Research
Station here are other places of tourist attraction. There is a beautiful statue
of the Goddess Cauvery at the foot of the dam.
Information to visitors
The garden is maintained by the Senior Assistant Director of Horticulture, K.R.S.
The Garden is open to the Public from 6.30 A.M. to 9.00 P.M.
Hotels and Inspection Bungalow provide with boarding and lodging facilities.
The other State departments involved in the overall maintenance of the dam site are the Irrigaton department, the Public Works Department, the Police Department, the Karnataka State Tourism Development Corporation.
Many Government and private buses ply often from Mysore City to K.RS. K.S.R.T.C. buses also ply from Bangalore to K.R.S. and Mysore.
Entry to K.R.S. is possible through the South - Main Gate and the North Gate. Entry fee is charged for adults and vehicles. Children below the age of 5 years are exempted from paying the entry fee.
JANUARY - SEPTEMBER :-
Monday to Friday
7.00 to 7.55 p.m. 6.30 to 7.30 p.m.
OCTOBER TO DECEMBER :-
Saturday to Sunday 7.00 to 8.55 p.m. 6.30 to 8.30 p.m.
Videography is prohibited
For Unauthorized use of camera, a penalty of Rs. 50/- is charged.
For further details, please contact
The Directorate of Horticulture
Lalbagh, Bangalore – 560 004
Ph: 080 -26579231 : Fax : 080 - 26570181
The senior Assistant Director of Horticulture, K.R.S.,
Mandya District, Ph: 08236 - 657247